Meadow in agricultural terms is a grassland not for pasturing by livestock. Instead, the grass is collected and dried into hay and saved to be used during the winter. It used to play a significant role in the farming society before the industrial revolution because the amount of hay you could produce during summer would set the limit to the number of animals you could feed during the winter. It was also a source of wood, bark and nuts and other crops. Today there is very few meadows in a traditional meaning left due to the changed ways of farming. Three representations of the meadow – revolves around three places in Sweden that have in common that they are or previously were, maintained meadow land.
On Tåängen Rörö a restoration project is ongoing to recreate and preserve the grassland close to the shore On Rörö great efforts have been made to maintain the diversified flora. The Junipers have a way of covering the landscape, and the only solution to control the numbers is to burn them down.
Pålsbo in Östergötland is a species-rich hay meadow, maintained since the Iron Age. In practise, this means that every summer people gather there to cut the grass by hand with scythes. Pålsbo is also the birthplace of the poet Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom who wrote about Tuddebokälan found on the premises in Pålsbo.
Vårdsätra in Uppland is one of the oldest nature reserves in Sweden, founded in 1909 on the initiative of the biologist Rutger Sernander. His intention was to investigate what happens to a meadow and open nature if it is allowed to develop freely. Today we know that the trees will take over at least over a time span over a hundred years. We know from Sernander’s documentation that Vårdsätra used to have vegetation similar to Pålsbo.